Teaching Language: From Grammar to Grammaring

I have always wanted  to be a perfect English teacher, and I had an unswerving belief that it is the language I should work on first and foremost. Well, at least it was like that until recently. I suddenly realised that I have been missing on something. On something really important- methodology. So, I am going to fill in this crack and this book is going to be the first in (hopefully) a series of other books on methodology.

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vortex noun

UK /ˈvɔː.teks/ US /ˈvɔːr.t̬eks/ plural vortexes or vortices UK /-tɪ.siːz/ US /-t̬ə-/

[ C ] specialized environmenta mass of air or water that spins around very fast and pulls objects into its empty centre

intractable adjective

UK /ɪnˈtræk.tə.bəl/ US /ɪnˈtræk.tə.bəl/ formal

very difficult or impossible to control, manage, or solve:

We are facing an intractable problem.

dichotomous adjective

/daɪˈkɒt.ə.məs/ /daɪˈkɑː.t̬ə.məs/ formal


involving two completely opposing ideas or things:

The test was used to compare dichotomous variables.

attrition noun [ U ]

UK /əˈtrɪʃ.ən/ US /əˈtrɪʃ.ən/


formalgradually making something weaker and destroying it,especially the strength or confidence of an enemy by repeatedlyattacking it:

Terrorist groups and the government have been engaged in a costly war of attrition since 2008.


UK /ɪˈnɜːt/ US /ˌɪnˈɝːt/

inert adjective (NOT MOVING)


not moving or not able to move:

The inert figure of a man could be seen lying in the front of the car.

oftentimes adverb

UK /ˈɒf.ən.taɪmz/ US /ˈɑːf.ən.taɪmz/ mainly us


on many occasions:

Oftentimes a company will contribute toward an employee’s moving expenses.
He would oftentimes prefer to be alone.

attest verb [ I or T ]

UK /əˈtest/ US /əˈtest/ formal

to show something or to say or prove that something is true:

Thousands of people came out onto the streets to attest their support for the democratic opposition party.

seminal adjective

UK /ˈsem.ɪ.nəl/ US /ˈsem.ə.nəl/

seminal adjective (IMPORTANT)

formalcontaining important new ideas and having a great influenceon later work:

She wrote a seminal article on the subject while she was still a student.
He played a seminal role in the formation of the association.

be/get bogged down

phrasal verb with bog UK /bɒɡ/ US /bɑːɡ/ verb -gg-

to be/become so involved in something difficult or complicated that you cannot do anything else:

Let’s not get bogged down with individual complaints
uk Try not to get too bogged down in the details.

Lord of the flies

offhand adjective

UK /ˌɒfˈhænd/ US /ˌɑːfˈhænd/ uk informal also offish

not friendly, and showing little interest in other people in a way thatseems slightly rude:

I didn’t mean to be offhand with her — it’s just that I was in such a hurry.

fledge verb [ I ]

/fledʒ/ /fledʒ/

(of a young bird) to grow feathers and learn to fly:

The chicks are expected to fledge in August.

jetty noun [ C ]

UK /ˈdʒet.i/ US /ˈdʒet̬.i/

a wooden or stone structure built in the water at the edge of a sea orlake and used by people getting on and off boats

quiver verb [ I ]

UK /ˈkwɪv.ər/ US /ˈkwɪv.ɚ/

to shake slightly, often because of strong emotion:

Lennie’s bottom lip quivered and tears started in his eyes.

efflorescence noun [ U ]

UK /ˌef.ləˈres.əns/ US /ˌef.ləˈres.əns/

specialized biologythe period when flowers start to appear on a plant

literarythe production of a lot of art, especially of a high quality

lollverb [ I usually + adv/prep ]

UK /lɒl/ US /lɑːl/

to lie, sit, or hang down in a relaxed, informal, or uncontrolled way:

I spent most of the weekend lolling about/around on the beach.
a dog with its tongue lolling out

swathe verb [ T ]

UK /sweɪð/ US /sweɪð/

to wrap around or cover with cloth:

He came out of the hospital swathed in bandages.
I love to swathe (= dress) myself in silk.


/ɪˈfʌl.dʒənt/ literary

shining brightly:

an effulgent canopy of stars

looking very beautiful or full of goodness:

her effulgent beauty
an effulgent smile

enmity noun [ C or U ]

UK /ˈen.mə.ti/ US /ˈen.mə.t̬i/

a feeling of hate:

She denied any personal enmity towards him.
Bitter historical enmities underlie the present violence.

ill-fated adjective [ before noun ]

UK /ˌɪlˈfeɪ.tɪd/ US /ˌɪlˈfeɪ.t̬ɪd/

unlucky and unsuccessful, often resulting in death:

The ill-fated aircraft later crashed into the hillside.

fern noun [ C ]

UK /fɜːn/ US /fɝːn/

a green plant with long stems, leaves like feathers, and no flowers

strident adjective

UK /ˈstraɪ.dənt/ US /ˈstraɪ.dənt/

strident adjective (LOUD)

A strident sound is loud, unpleasant, and rough:

People are put off by his strident voice.

What I’m really thinking: the Silicon Valley newcomer

uproot verb [ T ] (PERSON)


to remove a person from their home or usual environment:

The war has uprooted nearly two thirds of the country’s population.

stash verb [ T ]

UK /stæʃ/ US /stæʃ/ informal

to store or hide something, especially a large amount:

The stolen pictures were stashed (away) in a warehouse.

Be part and parcel of sth

be part and parcel of sth


C2 to be a feature of something, especially a feature that cannot beavoided:

Being recognized in the street is part and parcel of being a celebrity.


rosya adjective

UK /ˈrəʊ.zi/ US /ˈroʊ.zi/

C2 having a colour between pink and red:

approving Your rosy cheeks always make you look so healthy.


C2 If a situation is described as rosy, it gives hope of success orhappiness:

Our financial position is rosy.

go far

also go a long way informal

to be very successful in the future:

She’s a very talented writer — I’m sure she’ll go far.

My name is Leon Part 5

pester verb [ T ]

UK /ˈpes.tər/ US /ˈpes.tɚ/

to behave in an annoying manner towards someone by doing or asking for something repeatedly:

At the frontier, there were people pestering tourists for cigarettes, food, or alcohol.
[ + to infinitive ] John has been pestering her to go out with him all month.

tingle verb [ I ]

UK /ˈtɪŋ.ɡəl/ US /ˈtɪŋ.ɡəl/

to have a feeling as if a lot of sharp points are being put quickly andlightly into your body:

My fingers and toes are tingling with the cold.
There’s a line in that poem that makes my spine tingle every time I read it.
He’s already had the rough edge of my tongue.

get a jump on sb/sth

mainly us informal

to start doing something before other people start, or before something happens, in order to win an advantage for yourself:

I like to leave work early on Fridays so I can get a jump on the traffic.

in situ adjective, adverb

UK /ˌɪn ˈsɪtʃ.uː/ US /ˌɪn ˈsɪtʃ.uː/ formal

in the original place instead of being moved to another place

chequered adjective

uk us checkered UK /ˈtʃek.əd/ US /ˈtʃek.ɚd/

chequered adjective (GOOD AND BAD)

having had both successful and unsuccessful periods in your past:

He’s had a chequered business career.

chequered adjective (PATTERN)


also checquered having a pattern of squares in two or more colours:

red and white chequered tablecloths

sinewy adjective

UK /ˈsɪn.juː.i/ US /ˈsɪn.juː.i/

with strong muscles and little fat:

The fighter had a strong, sinewy body.

sublet verb [ T ]

UK /ˌsʌbˈlet/ US /ˈsʌb.let/ present participle subletting,past tense and past participle sublet

to allow someone to rent all or part of a house or other building that you are renting from someone else:

Our rental contract states that we are not allowed to sublet the house.

Meaning of “bundle” in the English Dictionary

«bundle» in British English

 See all translations

bundlenoun [ C ]

UK /ˈbʌn.dəl/ US /ˈbʌn.dəl/

C2 a number of things that have been fastened or are held together:

a bundle of sticks

More examples

  • We sorted the newsletters into bundles for distribution.
  • I’ve got a bundle of clothes here to give to charity.
  • How much asparagus shall I buy — a couple of bundles?
  • Inside the embroidery kit there should be two different bundles of yarn.
  • We left out several bundles of old newspapers for recycling.

bundle verb

UK /ˈbʌn.dəl/ US /ˈbʌn.dəl/

bundle verb (PUSH)

[ I or T, + adv/prep ] to push or put someone or something somewherequickly and roughly:

He bundled his clothes into the washing machine.
She was bundled into the back of the car.
The children were bundled off to school early that morning.

New words

New words appear every day. Are you sure you are able to grasp their meaning immediately?=)

breadcrumber noun [C] UK /ˈbred.krʌməʳ/US /ˈbred.krʌmɚ/
someone who contacts another person very infrequently

For anyone who’s ever dated, or maintained any kind of relationship in the digital age, you have probably known a breadcrumber. They communicate via sporadic non-committal, but repeated messages – or breadcrumbs – that are just enough to keep you wondering but not enough to seal the deal (whatever that deal may be.)
[New York Times 10 July 2016]

taken from https: https://dictionaryblog.cambridge.org/2017/01/09/new-words-9-january-2016/