Архив за месяц: Май 2017

Teaching Language: From Grammar to Grammaring

I have always wanted  to be a perfect English teacher, and I had an unswerving belief that it is the language I should work on first and foremost. Well, at least it was like that until recently. I suddenly realised that I have been missing on something. On something really important- methodology. So, I am going to fill in this crack and this book is going to be the first in (hopefully) a series of other books on methodology.

Картинки по запросу Teaching Language: From Grammar to Grammaring

vortex noun

UK /ˈvɔː.teks/ US /ˈvɔːr.t̬eks/ plural vortexes or vortices UK /-tɪ.siːz/ US /-t̬ə-/

[ C ] specialized environmenta mass of air or water that spins around very fast and pulls objects into its empty centre

intractable adjective

UK /ɪnˈtræk.tə.bəl/ US /ɪnˈtræk.tə.bəl/ formal

very difficult or impossible to control, manage, or solve:

We are facing an intractable problem.

dichotomous adjective

/daɪˈkɒt.ə.məs/ /daɪˈkɑː.t̬ə.məs/ formal


involving two completely opposing ideas or things:

The test was used to compare dichotomous variables.

attrition noun [ U ]

UK /əˈtrɪʃ.ən/ US /əˈtrɪʃ.ən/


formalgradually making something weaker and destroying it,especially the strength or confidence of an enemy by repeatedlyattacking it:

Terrorist groups and the government have been engaged in a costly war of attrition since 2008.


UK /ɪˈnɜːt/ US /ˌɪnˈɝːt/

inert adjective (NOT MOVING)


not moving or not able to move:

The inert figure of a man could be seen lying in the front of the car.

oftentimes adverb

UK /ˈɒf.ən.taɪmz/ US /ˈɑːf.ən.taɪmz/ mainly us


on many occasions:

Oftentimes a company will contribute toward an employee’s moving expenses.
He would oftentimes prefer to be alone.

attest verb [ I or T ]

UK /əˈtest/ US /əˈtest/ formal

to show something or to say or prove that something is true:

Thousands of people came out onto the streets to attest their support for the democratic opposition party.

seminal adjective

UK /ˈsem.ɪ.nəl/ US /ˈsem.ə.nəl/

seminal adjective (IMPORTANT)

formalcontaining important new ideas and having a great influenceon later work:

She wrote a seminal article on the subject while she was still a student.
He played a seminal role in the formation of the association.

be/get bogged down

phrasal verb with bog UK /bɒɡ/ US /bɑːɡ/ verb -gg-

to be/become so involved in something difficult or complicated that you cannot do anything else:

Let’s not get bogged down with individual complaints
uk Try not to get too bogged down in the details.

Lord of the flies

offhand adjective

UK /ˌɒfˈhænd/ US /ˌɑːfˈhænd/ uk informal also offish

not friendly, and showing little interest in other people in a way thatseems slightly rude:

I didn’t mean to be offhand with her — it’s just that I was in such a hurry.

fledge verb [ I ]

/fledʒ/ /fledʒ/

(of a young bird) to grow feathers and learn to fly:

The chicks are expected to fledge in August.

jetty noun [ C ]

UK /ˈdʒet.i/ US /ˈdʒet̬.i/

a wooden or stone structure built in the water at the edge of a sea orlake and used by people getting on and off boats

quiver verb [ I ]

UK /ˈkwɪv.ər/ US /ˈkwɪv.ɚ/

to shake slightly, often because of strong emotion:

Lennie’s bottom lip quivered and tears started in his eyes.

efflorescence noun [ U ]

UK /ˌef.ləˈres.əns/ US /ˌef.ləˈres.əns/

specialized biologythe period when flowers start to appear on a plant

literarythe production of a lot of art, especially of a high quality

lollverb [ I usually + adv/prep ]

UK /lɒl/ US /lɑːl/

to lie, sit, or hang down in a relaxed, informal, or uncontrolled way:

I spent most of the weekend lolling about/around on the beach.
a dog with its tongue lolling out

swathe verb [ T ]

UK /sweɪð/ US /sweɪð/

to wrap around or cover with cloth:

He came out of the hospital swathed in bandages.
I love to swathe (= dress) myself in silk.


/ɪˈfʌl.dʒənt/ literary

shining brightly:

an effulgent canopy of stars

looking very beautiful or full of goodness:

her effulgent beauty
an effulgent smile

enmity noun [ C or U ]

UK /ˈen.mə.ti/ US /ˈen.mə.t̬i/

a feeling of hate:

She denied any personal enmity towards him.
Bitter historical enmities underlie the present violence.

ill-fated adjective [ before noun ]

UK /ˌɪlˈfeɪ.tɪd/ US /ˌɪlˈfeɪ.t̬ɪd/

unlucky and unsuccessful, often resulting in death:

The ill-fated aircraft later crashed into the hillside.

fern noun [ C ]

UK /fɜːn/ US /fɝːn/

a green plant with long stems, leaves like feathers, and no flowers

strident adjective

UK /ˈstraɪ.dənt/ US /ˈstraɪ.dənt/

strident adjective (LOUD)

A strident sound is loud, unpleasant, and rough:

People are put off by his strident voice.