Interesting expressions and words

Lord of the flies

offhand adjective

UK /ˌɒfˈhænd/ US /ˌɑːfˈhænd/ uk informal also offish

not friendly, and showing little interest in other people in a way thatseems slightly rude:

I didn’t mean to be offhand with her — it’s just that I was in such a hurry.

fledge verb [ I ]

/fledʒ/ /fledʒ/

(of a young bird) to grow feathers and learn to fly:

The chicks are expected to fledge in August.

jetty noun [ C ]

UK /ˈdʒet.i/ US /ˈdʒet̬.i/

a wooden or stone structure built in the water at the edge of a sea orlake and used by people getting on and off boats

quiver verb [ I ]

UK /ˈkwɪv.ər/ US /ˈkwɪv.ɚ/

to shake slightly, often because of strong emotion:

Lennie’s bottom lip quivered and tears started in his eyes.

efflorescence noun [ U ]

UK /ˌef.ləˈres.əns/ US /ˌef.ləˈres.əns/

specialized biologythe period when flowers start to appear on a plant

literarythe production of a lot of art, especially of a high quality

lollverb [ I usually + adv/prep ]

UK /lɒl/ US /lɑːl/

to lie, sit, or hang down in a relaxed, informal, or uncontrolled way:

I spent most of the weekend lolling about/around on the beach.
a dog with its tongue lolling out

swathe verb [ T ]

UK /sweɪð/ US /sweɪð/

to wrap around or cover with cloth:

He came out of the hospital swathed in bandages.
I love to swathe (= dress) myself in silk.


/ɪˈfʌl.dʒənt/ literary

shining brightly:

an effulgent canopy of stars

looking very beautiful or full of goodness:

her effulgent beauty
an effulgent smile

enmity noun [ C or U ]

UK /ˈen.mə.ti/ US /ˈen.mə.t̬i/

a feeling of hate:

She denied any personal enmity towards him.
Bitter historical enmities underlie the present violence.

ill-fated adjective [ before noun ]

UK /ˌɪlˈfeɪ.tɪd/ US /ˌɪlˈfeɪ.t̬ɪd/

unlucky and unsuccessful, often resulting in death:

The ill-fated aircraft later crashed into the hillside.

fern noun [ C ]

UK /fɜːn/ US /fɝːn/

a green plant with long stems, leaves like feathers, and no flowers

strident adjective

UK /ˈstraɪ.dənt/ US /ˈstraɪ.dənt/

strident adjective (LOUD)

A strident sound is loud, unpleasant, and rough:

People are put off by his strident voice.

What I’m really thinking: the Silicon Valley newcomer

uproot verb [ T ] (PERSON)


to remove a person from their home or usual environment:

The war has uprooted nearly two thirds of the country’s population.

stash verb [ T ]

UK /stæʃ/ US /stæʃ/ informal

to store or hide something, especially a large amount:

The stolen pictures were stashed (away) in a warehouse.

Be part and parcel of sth

be part and parcel of sth


C2 to be a feature of something, especially a feature that cannot beavoided:

Being recognized in the street is part and parcel of being a celebrity.


rosya adjective

UK /ˈrəʊ.zi/ US /ˈroʊ.zi/

C2 having a colour between pink and red:

approving Your rosy cheeks always make you look so healthy.


C2 If a situation is described as rosy, it gives hope of success orhappiness:

Our financial position is rosy.

go far

also go a long way informal

to be very successful in the future:

She’s a very talented writer — I’m sure she’ll go far.

My name is Leon Part 5

pester verb [ T ]

UK /ˈpes.tər/ US /ˈpes.tɚ/

to behave in an annoying manner towards someone by doing or asking for something repeatedly:

At the frontier, there were people pestering tourists for cigarettes, food, or alcohol.
[ + to infinitive ] John has been pestering her to go out with him all month.

tingle verb [ I ]

UK /ˈtɪŋ.ɡəl/ US /ˈtɪŋ.ɡəl/

to have a feeling as if a lot of sharp points are being put quickly andlightly into your body:

My fingers and toes are tingling with the cold.
There’s a line in that poem that makes my spine tingle every time I read it.
He’s already had the rough edge of my tongue.

get a jump on sb/sth

mainly us informal

to start doing something before other people start, or before something happens, in order to win an advantage for yourself:

I like to leave work early on Fridays so I can get a jump on the traffic.

in situ adjective, adverb

UK /ˌɪn ˈsɪtʃ.uː/ US /ˌɪn ˈsɪtʃ.uː/ formal

in the original place instead of being moved to another place

chequered adjective

uk us checkered UK /ˈtʃek.əd/ US /ˈtʃek.ɚd/

chequered adjective (GOOD AND BAD)

having had both successful and unsuccessful periods in your past:

He’s had a chequered business career.

chequered adjective (PATTERN)


also checquered having a pattern of squares in two or more colours:

red and white chequered tablecloths

sinewy adjective

UK /ˈsɪn.juː.i/ US /ˈsɪn.juː.i/

with strong muscles and little fat:

The fighter had a strong, sinewy body.

sublet verb [ T ]

UK /ˌsʌbˈlet/ US /ˈsʌb.let/ present participle subletting,past tense and past participle sublet

to allow someone to rent all or part of a house or other building that you are renting from someone else:

Our rental contract states that we are not allowed to sublet the house.

Meaning of “bundle” in the English Dictionary

«bundle» in British English

 See all translations

bundlenoun [ C ]

UK /ˈbʌn.dəl/ US /ˈbʌn.dəl/

C2 a number of things that have been fastened or are held together:

a bundle of sticks

More examples

  • We sorted the newsletters into bundles for distribution.
  • I’ve got a bundle of clothes here to give to charity.
  • How much asparagus shall I buy — a couple of bundles?
  • Inside the embroidery kit there should be two different bundles of yarn.
  • We left out several bundles of old newspapers for recycling.

bundle verb

UK /ˈbʌn.dəl/ US /ˈbʌn.dəl/

bundle verb (PUSH)

[ I or T, + adv/prep ] to push or put someone or something somewherequickly and roughly:

He bundled his clothes into the washing machine.
She was bundled into the back of the car.
The children were bundled off to school early that morning.

Turning over a new leaf: idioms and phrases for the New Year

New Year is a time when we often take stock of our life (think about what is good or bad about it). We may feel that we should draw a line under the past (finish with it and forget about it) and make a fresh start. This post looks at idioms and other phrases connected with this phenomenon.

If we decide to stop doing something we consider to be bad and to start behaving in a better way, we can say that we are going to turn over a new leaf. We might decide to kick a habit such as smoking (stop doing it), have a crack at (try) a new hobby, or even leave adead-end job (one with no chance of promotion) or finish a relationship that isn’t going anywhere.

Of course, many of these things are difficult. You may have decided to give up sweets once and for all (definitely and for ever), but that’s easier said than done when you receive a birthday box of your favourite chocolates. If you have a bad day or two, it’s easy to feel that you are back to square one (have made no progress). However, people who advise on such things will tell you that it’s not all or nothing – if you break your resolution, it’s not the end of the world and you can soon be back on the straight and narrow (doing what you should be doing).

In order to stick to a resolution, there are some strategies you can use. First, you could put your money where your mouth is (pay money to show you are serious about something), for instance by taking out a gym membership to get fit. One common piece of advice is totake it one day at a time (not focus too much on the long-term goal). After all, as they say,Rome wasn’t built in a day.

Another is not to bite off more than you can chew (not try to do too much) – we all know someone whose New Year’s resolution to ‘renovate their house’ means that they and their family are still living in a building site ten years later. It’s also important to be realistic – with the best will in the world (even with a lot of effort), a chain-smoking couch potato (lazy person) isn’t likely to give up cigarettes and go running five times a week. It may be a good idea to get the ball rolling (start) with a more modest aim.

Some people are very successful in their resolutions. Once they’ve decided to bite the bullet(do something difficult), they get their act together (organize themselves effectively) andput their heart and soul into achieving what they want to achieve. If they manage to stay the course (not give up), they will see their efforts bear fruit.

And finally, I could not leave this topic without one well-known proverb: the road to hell is paved with good intentions, which means that although people often intend to be good, they often fail at it.

Happy New Year!

by Liz Walter taken from:

Turning over a new leaf: idioms and phrases for the New Year


Marmite noun [ U ]

/ˈmɑː.maɪt/ /ˈmɑːr/ trademark

a soft, dark brown, salty-tasting food for spreading on bread, made from yeast, that is popular in the UK

uk informalsomething or someone that some people like very much and other people dislike very strongly:

Russell Brand is something of a Marmite presenter — you either love him or you can’tbear him.